The churches of Christ Greet You (Romans 16:16)


Jesus is not only the Son of God, but also God the Son.  Since no greater truth is affirmed in the Sacred Text, one cannot read the Bible (especially the New Testament) without recognizing the One who is God the Son (cf. Heb. 1:8).  This doctrine in fact permeates the Word of God from Genesis to Revelation; only a materialist would fail to see it.


 “What is God”?  This question is the central idea to any religion in the history of man.  Whether idolatrous, Jehovah-centered, or man-centered, there is always the question of a “Supreme object, force, or being” toward which to pay homage.
The tri-personality of the true God is one of the most mysterious and most difficult to conceive.  It has no human analogy to which to appeal for understanding; no parallel to clear away the clouds.  It is abstract to the zenith. And, since it is an infinite concept, the finite mind of man cannot comprehend it completely.
There is no clear definition of God in the Bible set forth on any one page.  If one is looking for a concise, easy definition, one will not find it within the Sacred pages.  Further, man is dependent TOTALLY upon the Bible for the proper concept of God (the Godhead).  Man simply must look to the Bible for any ideas which may be accurate; man cannot be subjective and try to look within himself for any answers.
There are two ideas that are plain within the Scriptures: (1) there is a Rational, Righteous Spirit, Infinite in attributes; (2) this Spirit is Self-existent in THREE Persons (yet ONE in substance or nature), with the Persons in absolute and perfect unity.  This tri-personality God is referred to as the “Godhead” or “Godhead bodily” (of Christ).  The term “Trinity,” although not used in the Bible, is expressive of an idea which is correct concerning the Godhead.
The Scriptures affirm the existence of the Godhead.  By Godhead we mean Deity, Divinity, or Divine substance (nature)  as used in Acts 17:29, Romans 1:20, and Colossians 2:9.  The Bible teaches that God (or the Godhead) is composed of THREE distinct members, each of whom possesses the nature or quality which identifies one as Deity.  These three distinct members or personalities who share this ONE Divine nature are characterized in the Bible as the Father, the Son (the Word), and the Holy Spirit.
One of the most common objections alleged against the doctrine of the Trinity is that it involves tritheism, or a belief in three Gods.  Tritheism teaches there are three SEPARATE but equal Beings known as God.  “They are as separate as husband, wife and child, and one as if only a family unit.”  Tritheism teaches that the oneness involved is “ONLY that of unity, purpose, and will.”  This teaching is actually a form of polytheism and is, unfortunately, believed and taught by many brethren in the Lord’s church today!
The fact of the matter, however, is that the true Bible doctrine of the Godhead stands unalterably opposed to tritheism as well as to every other form of polytheism.  The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit can be distinguished, but they cannot be SEPARATED.  They do not merely exist alongside of each other, as did Washington, Jefferson, and Franklin, but they permeate and interpenetrate each other; are in and through each other.
Friends, as we study this subject together, please understand we are NOT teaching that there are THREE Gods (as is falsely taught by Mormonism - see “Mormon Doctrine” by Bruce McConkie, page 317). We do NOT believe in three Gods.  Scripture, reason, and conscience are in perfect agreement that there is but ONE Self-existent, eternal, supreme Being (God or Deity) in whom all of the Divine attributes or perfections inhere and from whom they cannot be separated.  In other words, the Bible teaches that there is only ONE God (Deut. 6:4; Mark 12:29; 1 Cor. 8:4; Eph. 4:6; cf. Isa. 9:6; John 1:1; 10:30; Phil. 2:5-6).  However, there are THREE who comprise this one Righteous Spirit (Deity) or possess the Divine nature.
Concerning God the Father, please consider these truths... When the word “Father” is used in prayer, as for example in the “Lord’s prayer” (Matthew 6:9-13), it does NOT refer exclusively to the first person of the “Trinity,” but to the THREE Persons as ONE God.  The Triune God is our Father!
The Bible says, "In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth" (Gen. 1:1).  God is the translation of the Hebrew word Elohim.  This word bespeaks the power of God the Creator.  El signifies the strong God; and what less than almighty strength could bring all things out of nothing?
Elohim also bespeaks the plurality of persons in the Godhead - the Father, the Word (Son), and the Holy Ghost (the word “Ghost” is often used in the KJV for the word “Spirit”).  This plural name of God, in Hebrew, speaks of Him as many though He is ONE.  The word Elohim confirms our faith in the doctrine of the Godhead, which, though but darkly intimated in the Old Testament, is clearly revealed in the New.  John refers to the THREE persons of the Godhead in his epistle, saying, “For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one” (1 John 5:7).
In dealing with this, one can only affirm there is ONE Infinite Spirit Being, yet within that one Spirit Essence can be seen THREE distinctions.  Each of these is a Person properly called God who has all the essential attributes of said Divine Being.  Each of these Persons partakes of the One Divine Substance - Deity.  Deity is NOT made up of three parts, rather Deity refers simply to that One Essence, of which all THREE Persons partake.
Since the three Persons of the “Trinity” (Godhead) possess the same identical, substance or essence, and since the attributes are inherent in and inseparable from the substance or essence, it follows that the Divine attributes must be possessed alike by each of the three Persons and that the three Persons must be consubstantial, co-equal, and co-eternal.  Each is truly God, exercising the same power, partaking equally of the Divine glory, and entitled to the same worship.

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